Endocrine Research Updates

For Medical Professionals

thigh femur fracture postoperative image
Commentary by Anne Trinh, MD and Mark Peterson, PhD, MS
Fractures and low bone mineral density are relatively common among adults with cerebral palsy, according to a retrospective cross-sectional study in the March issue of the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
thyroid scintigraphy imaging
A Q&A with Eren Berber, MD
In March 2016, the American Thyroid Association Surgical Affairs Committee published a literature review that defines various categories of remote-access thyroid surgery.
Man who has fallen off of a ladder
Commentary by Karel Kostev, PhD and Jakob Starup-Linde, MD, PhD
Data from more than 100,000 people with type 2 diabetes did not show an increased risk of fracture among those taking insulin versus oral antidiabetes agents.
Illustration of cancer within the pancreas
Commentary by Stephanie H. Read, MD and Derek LeRoith MD, PhD
Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of some cancer types, including cancer of the stomach, but a reduced risk of other cancer types, including prostate and breast cancer.
Doctor holding a stethoscope behind his back
Discussion with James J. Chamberlain, MD and Annie Neuman, PA-C
Top 5 changes that endocrinologists, primary care providers, and other health care practitioners should know about.
young woman shopping at the supermarket
With Kimberly A. Gudzune, MD, MPH, and J. Michael Gonzalez-Campoy, MD, PhD
A wide variety of weight loss programs are in the market place. Patients have to research and decide which weight loss program is right for them.
Diabetes kit containing various items
Commentary by Ruth Hackett MSc and Valentina Vicennati, MD
High evening cortisol levels were predictive of new-onset type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort study published in the February the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
testosterone word displayed on tablet with stethoscope over tablet
Commentary by Peter J. Snyder, MD and Geoffrey Hackett, MD
The results of the TTrials show for the first time that testosterone treatment of older men who have unequivocally low testosterone levels does have some benefit.
Silhouette of a woman thinking about having a baby
Commentary by lead author Aoife M. Egan, MD and Sara J Meltzer, MD, FRCPC, FACP
A prepregnancy care program for women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes is effective and cost-effective, according to a prospective cohort and cost-analysis study.
Word Diabetes made of wooden block letters and devastated middle aged man
Comments by lead author Iva Čukić, PhD and Deena Adimoolam, MD
The personality traits of Neuroticism, Openness, Activity, Impulsiveness, and Order were related to diagnosis of diabetes in a large observational study published in the February issue of Personality and Individual Differences.
Professional with blue gloves handling medicine in a pharmacy lab
Comments by Study Co-Lead Author, Pieter Gillard, PhD and Elbert Huang, MD, MPH, FACP
Marked differences in 5-year survival rates were found among patients with diabetes based on the type of glucose-lowering agent they were prescribed.
thyroid pictured as a puzzle, surgeon's hands
Commentary by Lead Author Mingzhao Xing, MD, PhD and Thomas J. Giordano, MD, PhD
Patients with follicular-variant papillary thyroid cancer overall have the least aggressive form of this disease, compared with patients with conventional PTC and tall-cell PTC variants.
thyroid ultrasonography
Commentary by Senior Author R. Michael Tuttle, MD and John C. Morris, III, MD
A risk-stratified clinical decision-making framework may provide clinicians with a tool to identify which patients are most likely to benefit from an active surveillance management approach for papillary microcarcinoma.
uterine fibroids
Commentary by Jason Y.Y. Wong, ScD; Jennifer S. Lee, MD, PhD; Richard S. Legro, MD
Women who have high levels of both testosterone and estrogen in midlife may be at greater risk of developing uterine fibroids than women with low levels of these hormones, according to a 13-year epidemiologic study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Female doctor with  male peers in background
Commentary by Elaine Pelley, MD and Julianne Imperato-McGinley, MD
Endocrinology is predicted to become a female-predominant specialty over the next several decades, according to a literature review in the January issue of The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Depressed man
Depression is not only a disease of emotions and behavior. Depression is a risk factor for vascular disease, diabetes, and worse outcomes after heart surgery. Proper treatment of depression is important for many aspects of a patient's health.
Kidney disease
The prevalence of diabetes rose among commercially-insured children and adolescents between 2002 to 2013, according to a study published online ahead of print in Diabetes Care. The study also showed that while diabetic nephropathy is relatively uncommon in youth, the prevalence also is on the rise.
Patient in the dentist's chair in front of monitor
Commentary by Coauthor Bei Wu, PhD; and Edmond R. Hewlett, DDS — Spokesperson from the American Dental Association and Professor, Section of Restorative Dentistry & Associate Dean of Outreach and Diversity, UCLA School of Dentistry
Adults with diabetes have a twofold higher risk for tooth loss than adults who do not have diabetes, according to findings from a longitudinal analysis of data from the 1971-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Woman holding her neck
The diabetic group had a higher mean number of doctor visits for musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, limbs, lumbar spine, back and pelvis compared with the nondiabetic group. In both groups, the most common locations of musculoskeletal pain necessitating doctor visits were pain in the lumbar spine, back and pelvis.
Pregnant Girl Looking into Refrigerator
Pregnancy in adolescents with type 2 diabetes was linked to miscarriage, stillbirth or intrauterine death in 26% of pregnancies and major congenital anomaly in 21% of live-born infants in the randomized controlled Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) study.