Endocrine Research Updates

For Medical Professionals

Gastric Bypass for Weight Loss - You Are Actually Re-routing Your Stomach in Ord
Intensive lifestyle intervention is important and necessary for managing type 2 diabetes but individuals who opt for bariatric surgery achieve better glycemic control and may even reverse their diabetes.
The concept of offering bariatric surgery at a BMI lower than 35 has emerged as a viable option for individuals at high risk. As emerging data on safety and long-term efficacy emerges for bariatric surgery in this patient population.
woman getting ultrasound of a thyroid from doctor
Despite the increasing rates, the death rate from thyroid cancer has remained stable at 0.5 deaths per 100,000 people. The authors suggested that the increasing rates of thyroid cancer may be due to an increase in the detection of subclinical papillary thyroid cancers, which are unlikely to affect patients’ overall health.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a third glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor antagonist—albiglutide—for use as an adjunct to diet and exercise in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
feet on a scale
Lower mortality and co-morbid outcomes were found following weight loss achieved following gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity.
A review of bariatric surgery studies published between 2003 and 2012—the most recent review of its kind—confirms that bariatric surgery provides “substantial and sustained effects on weight loss and ameliorates obesity-attributable comorbidities in the majority of bariatric patients.
diabetic young woman holding glucometer, standing in front of mirror
Many pediatricians and family practice physicians recently surveyed were unaware that hemoglobin A1c is a recommended diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes; however, education on this recommendation was linked an increased number of physicians who said they would use the test in a hypothetical case involving an adolescent, according to a cross-sectional study in the February Journal of Adolescent Health.
overweight young woman looking on a laptop computer
Bariatric surgery is increasingly being used to treat adolescents with severe obesity, despite limited data regarding the safety of these procedures in this age group. Now, the largest study on this topic shows that most teenagers that underwent bariatric surgery for weight loss had few short-term complications, as reported in "JAMA Pediatrics."
Hand writing diabetes healthcare content with blue marker on virtual whiteboard
Inpatient diabetes education was associated with 34% reduced risk of all-cause readmissions within 30 days, and 20% reduced risk of readmissions at 180 days, after adjustment for other potentially confounding variables, in a retrospective study published in Diabetes Care.
Woman with pills in her hand
Sulfonylureas are as effective as dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists as second-line treatments for type 2 diabetes but at a lower cost, according to a study in February 26 issue of Diabetes Care.
Pregnant woman having her blood sugar tested
Gestational diabetes appeared as an independent risk factor for heart disease whether or not the women went on to develop diabetes or metabolic syndrome.
“Concern regarding potential cardiovascular adverse events associated with testosterone use was raised in 2010 when a signal was noted in a randomized clinical trial in progress, leading to the premature termination of the study,” commented Tamara L. Wexler, MD, PhD. “Two recent large retrospective observational trials suggest there is a risk for some cardiovascular events in certain populations, prompting The Endocrine Society statement,” she said.
Heart failure - diagnosis written on a white piece of paper. Syringe and vaccine
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it will evaluate clinical trial data from the manufacturer of saxagliptin (Onglyza and Kombiglyze XR) to investigate whether this medication is linked to an increased risk of heart failure.
Depressed woman looking at food
Depression and impulse control disorders (eating disorders in particular) are independently associated with diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, according to a cross-sectional survey of adults published online ahead of print in Diabetologia.
Pharmacy background, focus on person typing on cash register
After being off the marked for over a year, the branded medication Levoxyl (levothyroxine sodium) is expected to be available in pharmacies on approximately March 3, 2014, according to a statement released by Pfizer. The medication is approved to treat hypothyroidism and various types of euthyroid goiters.
Ultrasonography equipment
Ultrasound criteria may help determine when a thyroid nodule should be biopsied and help reduce the number of unnecessary procedures, according to a retrospective case-control study in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Process division of cell. Isolated on black background
Researchers identified a variety of patient and tumor-specific characteristics that predict the postoperative growth rate of pituitary adenomas, according to a retrospective review published online ahead of print in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Metformin molecule isolated on white
Patients with both type 2 diabetes and thyroid cancer are more likely to achieve complete remission if they take metformin than if they do not, according to findings from a retrospective study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.
Testing blood glucose level, with baby shoes and a calendar in the background
A final recommendation statement released by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) advises universal gestational diabetes after week 24 of pregnancy.
Worried Teen in front of a mirror
Managing adolescents with diabetes through the transition to adult care is challenging in terms of both the physical and psychosocial aspects of care.
Newborn Hand in Fathers hand
Researchers have identified mutations in two genes that can cause neonatal diabetes.
Diabetes information with medication in the background
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Farxiga (dapaglifozin) as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.