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Endocrine Research Updates

For Medical Professionals

overweight woman eating at night
Highlight from ObesityWeek 2015
Early lapses on a weight loss program predict overall weight loss success, even if weight loss on track, study finds. Acceptance-based treatment beats standard treatment.
bandaged foot, diabetic foot infection
New data from a retrospective cohort study show that the incidence of diabetic foot infections has decreased markedly—by 52%—between 1996 and 2010, according to a report in the American Journal of Infection Control.
Bariatric surgery, vertical sleeve gastrectomy
Three years after undergoing bariatric surgery, adolescents experienced major improvements in their weight, metabolic health, and quality of life, according to findings from the prospective, NIH sponsored Teen-LABS (Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery) study.
alcoholic beverages
New findings from a large prospective cohort add support to the hypothesis that moderate alcohol consumption may lower the risk of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas.
obese,overweight,medication
Highlight from ObesityWeek 2015
While speaking at ObesityWeek 2015, Daniel Bessesen, MD proposed a new paradigm, thinking of prescription weight loss medicines as a treatment for a chronic condition—obesity—similar to how physicians treat hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes.
Obesity,overweight,complications
Highlight from ObesityWeek 2015
Overweight and obesity increase the risk of multiple forms of cancer, yet patients remain largely unaware of the association, according to experts speaking at ObesityWeek 2015 in Los Angeles.
Pharmacist filling a prescription
It is unclear whether antibiotics are directly linked to type 2 diabetes or if patients requiring repeated antibiotic use have undiagnosed diabetes, placing them at increased risk of infections.
Prescription Medicine Bottles
Nearly 40% of elderly use 5 or more medications
Overall prescription drug use increased 9% among U.S. adults between 1999 and 2012, according to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Dental X-Ray
While exposure to the standard therapy for XLH has no apparent benefit on enthesopathy, there is some benefit to oral health in adults.
Exposure to standard therapeutic regimen for X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) of calcitriol and phosphate has no effect on enthesopathy but is protective of dental health.
Overweight, obese female, knees bent, on scale weighing herself
Mechanisms related to excessive weight gain have a deleterious effect on the development and management of osteoarthritis (OA).
Obesity is a long-known major risk factor for osteoarthritis. Now, scientists are uncovering new information about just how risky excess weight is for joints. They're also discovering other mechanisms besides obesity that may drive risk.
Side view of the human brain and prefrontal cortex
Neuromodulation targeting the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC) decreased calorie consumption and increased weight loss in adults with obesity, according to a recent study.
measuring an overweight man's waist size using a measuring tape
Highlight from ObesityWeek 2015
During ObesityWeek 2015, Melissa Crane, PhD explained men aren't attracted to typical weight loss programs, viewing them as complicated and tailored to women. They want simplified weight loss programs and want to lose weight for health reasons.
middle age couple, overweight, dieting
Adults ages 40 to 70 years who are overweight or obese and do not have symptoms of diabetes should be screened for abnormal blood glucose levels as part of an overall cardiovascular risk assessment, according to a recommendation statement issued by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.
pill molecules helds in a gloved hand
Only 2% of the millions of Americans who are eligible for chronic weight management medications are prescribed these agents and only 1% of the millions of Americans who are eligible for bariatric surgery receive this intervention.
Coins in the Air
This study is the first to examine real-world data on the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on healthcare costs in obese patients according to their diabetes status.
Type 1 diabetes
Released by JDRF, the Endocrine Society, and the American Diabetes Association
A new approach for staging T1D in its earliest presymptomatic stages was released by the JDRF, the Endocrine Society, and the American Diabetes Association. The organizations endorse the concept that autoimmune disease precedes the onset of symptoms and progresses through distinct stages.
testosterone
Summary of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists position statement questioning recent studies that suggest use of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) increases the risk of cardiovascular events.
Steroid Hormone
Aldosterone is a new target for treating hypertension not only in patients with primary aldosterone, but also in a cohort of patients without primary aldosterone who were thought to have essential hypertension up to now.
Boy and Girl
Transgender identity and hormone treatment
A single educational lecture on transgender identity and hormone treatment regimens increased internal medicine and family medicine residents’ knowledge and willingness to assist with hormonal therapy.
Outcomes based on Afirma and cytologically benign thyroid diseases are similar.
Findings suggest that Cyto-I/GEC-B nodules shows comparable clinical behavior to cytologically benign nodules and may be conservatively monitored.
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