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Diabetes complications Research Updates

For Medical Professionals

The personality traits of Neuroticism, Openness, Activity, Impulsiveness, and Order were related to diagnosis of diabetes in a large observational study published in the February issue of Personality and Individual Differences.
Depression is not only a disease of emotions and behavior. Depression is a risk factor for vascular disease, diabetes, and worse outcomes after heart surgery. Proper treatment of depression is important for many aspects of a patient's health.
The prevalence of diabetes rose among commercially-insured children and adolescents between 2002 to 2013, according to a study published online ahead of print in Diabetes Care. The study also showed that while diabetic nephropathy is relatively uncommon in youth, the prevalence also is on the rise.
Adults with diabetes have a twofold higher risk for tooth loss than adults who do not have diabetes, according to findings from a longitudinal analysis of data from the 1971-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
The diabetic group had a higher mean number of doctor visits for musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, limbs, lumbar spine, back and pelvis compared with the nondiabetic group. In both groups, the most common locations of musculoskeletal pain necessitating doctor visits were pain in the lumbar spine, back and pelvis.
Pregnancy in adolescents with type 2 diabetes was linked to miscarriage, stillbirth or intrauterine death in 26% of pregnancies and major congenital anomaly in 21% of live-born infants in the randomized controlled Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) study.
In patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome, treatment with the glucagon-like peptide 1 (receptor agonist lixisenatide did not increase or decrease the rate of cardiovascular events or other serious adverse events, according to results of the Evaluation of Lixisenatide in the Acute Coronary Syndrome (ELIXA) trial.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration added warnings about diabetic ketoacidosis and serious urinary tract infections to labels of all SGLT2 inhibitors in December, 2015.
Adults with type 2 diabetes have a 15% greater risk for death from any cause compared to the general population, which is a historically low level.
Ranibizumab blocks the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and is indicated for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration, macular edema following retinal vein occlusion, and diabetic macular edema.
New data from a retrospective cohort study show that the incidence of diabetic foot infections has decreased markedly—by 52%—between 1996 and 2010, according to a report in the American Journal of Infection Control.
Screening for diabetes during regular dental visits led to the diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes in 12.3% and 23.3% of 1,022 patients enrolled in a recent study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association.
Younger adults with diabetes (age 18 to 39 years) are less likely than older patients to take medication to control their glucose levels or to see a doctor biannually.
People who develop diabetes in middle-age are more likely to experience significant memory and cognitive problems over the next 20 years compared to people without diabetes in midlife, according to a prospective cohort study.
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) reduced pain more effectively than optimal medical treatment in a study of patients with moderate to severe diabetic peripheral neuropathy in their lower limbs, as reported in the November issue of Diabetes Care. Spinal cord stimulation is not without risks, as one treatment-related fatality was reported in this study.
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