Meal Planning in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

The value of lifestyle modification and professional guidance from a Registered Dietician (RD) is examined in Meal Planning in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association), RDs benefit communities in many ways, including:
  • Help people with pre-diabetes
  • Prevention
  • Improve performance in sports and exercise
  • Assist people with eating disorders (eg, anorexia, bulimia, obesity)
Medicare Benefits Diabetes
Self-management Training and Medical Nutrition Therapy is covered by Medicare (it’s free). What’s covered?
  • Newly diagnosed diabetics receive 10 hours of Diabetes Self-management Training and 3 hours of Medical Nutrition Therapy the first year.
  • All subsequent years: 2 hours of each.

It is imperative that patients take advantage of these benefits because diabetes changes and so will meal planning.

Not Covered by Medicaid or Medicare
Affordability is a concern of patients who are not covered by Medicaid or Medicare. Patients with other health insurance need to find out what their provider covers and if co-pays are required.

  • As a rule of thumb, the out-of-pocket cost to consult with a RD is usually the cost of dinner for two.
  • Even one visit is beneficial.
  • There are many free resources for patients. For example, the American Diabetes Association Expos provide patients with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes opportunities to speak with RDs.

Concept of Meal Planning by RDs

  • Meal planning is all about individualization. One size does not fit all.
  • The standard handout provided by the primary care physician is not sufficient for the short- or long-term.
  • RDs help structure meal plans from what the patient likes to eat.
  • RDs address cultural differences.
  • Assist patients with eating and lifestyle modification.
  • How to cook at home and eat out.
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Making Sense of Guidelines and Targets in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
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