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Endocrinology News and Research Articles

Evolutionary factors may have led to increased diabetes susceptibility in humans
03/01/2011 - An evolutionary "wrong turn" may be responsible for humans' propensity to become obese and develop type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from researchers at the University of California, San Diego.
Researchers say monoclonal antibody therapy for osteoporosis is cost-effective
02/24/2011 - An international team of economists and information scientists has determined that the long-term use of a recently approved osteoporosis medication, denosumab, is cost-effective when compared to other oral osteoporosis drugs.
In thyroid cancer cells, scientists look for repeats in DNA as evidence of radiation exposure
02/24/2011 - It has been known for some time that exposure of the head and neck to radiation therapy increases the subsequent risk of thyroid cancer. Now, a pair of researchers from Germany and the UK are looking into the likelihood that papillary thyroid cancer - which features DNA changes that were once thought to be due to aging - can be caused by radiation exposure.
Fatty liver may predict type 2 diabetes onset
02/24/2011 - Measurements of insulin resistance and blood sugar levels are commonly used to assess patients for diabetes risk. However, a new study out of Stanford University shows that the presence of fat in the liver may be one of the strongest predictors of whether or not a person will eventually develop type 2 diabetes.
High blood sugar levels increases death risk in hospitalized elderly
02/24/2011 - A group of Spanish researchers is calling for elderly patients who are admitted to hospitals to be tested for type 2 diabetes following a recent study they conducted, which found that many individuals die while in the hospital from undiagnosed blood sugar-related problems.
Aspirin may help diabetics with kidney disease avoid heart complications
02/23/2011 - Heart disease is the most common cause of death for individuals who have type 2 diabetes. However, a new study from a team of Japanese researchers shows that low daily doses of aspirin may help reduce some this risk in patients who have both diabetes and kidney disease.
Study explores link between thyroid cancer and genetic tumor disorder
02/23/2011 - For a number of years, scientists have been investigating the association between thyroid cancer and PTEN Hartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS), a genetic disorder that increases an individual's likelihood of having cancer.
Besides treating angina, nitroglycerin ointment may reverse osteoporosis
02/23/2011 - When nitroglycerin was first synthesized in 1847, its inventor, Ascanio Sobrero, was so frightened by its destructive volatility that he kept it secret for a whole year - but today, the compound has a number of constructive medical uses, the latest of which is treating osteoporosis.
Gastric bypass shown to provide better results for diabetics than other types of weight loss surgery
02/22/2011 - Gastric bypass surgery may be a better option than sleeve gastrectomy similar lap-band surgeries for individuals who are severely obese and struggle with type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.
Certain communities are at higher risk for thyroid cancer
02/22/2011 - While thyroid cancer has the potential to affect nearly anyone, researchers have noticed that many forms of thyroid cancer appear in certain populations more than they do others.
While diabetes becomes more common, treatment options improve
02/22/2011 - The bad news is that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising faster than ever before. A combination of sedentary lifestyles, poor diets and possibly even genetic factors has led to a dramatic increase in the number of people living with the condition.
Gwyneth Paltrow has precursor to osteoporosis
02/22/2011 - Recently, actress and philanthropist Gwyneth Paltrow announced online that she has osteopenia, a condition that healthcare professionals consider a precursor to osteoporosis.
Researchers identify risks for kidney disease and death among type 1 diabetics
02/21/2011 - Individuals who have type 1 diabetes often develop kidney disease at some point in their lives. Additionally, these patients tend to die at an early age. However, the two problems have a range of causes, and identifying specific risk factors has been difficult.
Minerals pulled from crustacean shells may improve calcium uptake, battle osteoporosis
02/21/2011 - Getting the proper daily dose of calcium is essential for promoting bone health and preventing osteoporosis, according to multiple health authorities. Since not all calcium supplements are created equal, this can be difficult to do. However, a new study has indicated that the fight against osteoporosis may be turning to a new source of calcium - crustacean shells.
Researchers assess risk of nerve damage in thyroid cancer surgeries
02/21/2011 - While it has become more uncommon in recent decades, nerve damage incurred during surgery for thyroid cancer is still a possibility for people undergoing an operation to remove some or all of the gland. Recently, researchers tried to quantify the incidence of and risk factors for recurrent laryngeal nerve damage.
Nuclear imaging expert debates ablation therapy for thyroid cancer
02/18/2011 - A medical expert at the Weill Cornell Medical College recently published an article weighing the pros and cons of using radioactive iodine ablation after partial or total thyroidectomies.
Statins may lower risk of diabetic retinopathy
02/18/2011 - Certain statin medications, which are commonly used to treat high cholesterol levels, may limit the risk of a person with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes of losing their eyesight to retinopathy, according to a new study from University of Georgia researchers.
Expert points to connection between celiac disease and osteoporosis
02/18/2011 - A dental hygienist from Colorado recently wrote an article stressing the need for dietary assessments among individuals with celiac disease, since the condition can contribute to the onset of osteoporosis.
Researchers look for ways to improve type 1 diabetes treatment
02/17/2011 - Islet cell transplantation is a promising field of study that many experts believe could one day result in a cure for type 1 diabetes. These cells play an important role in insulin production, and diabetics often have too few.
Thyroidectomy is declared a safe treatment for Graves' disease
02/17/2011 - Though it leads to hypothyroidism, full removal of the thyroid is considered a relatively safe treatment for Graves' disease, according to endocrinologists at the University of Wisconsin.
With osteoporosis, forearm fractures occur earlier, scientists say
02/17/2011 - A group of healthcare experts from the University of Bergen, Norway, have announced that the presence of osteoporosis increases the likelihood that a mature person will suffer a particular type of wrist fracture.
Dwarfism genes may provide protection against diabetes
02/17/2011 - Individuals with a certain type of dwarfism may have a genetic protection against type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from the University of Southern California. Researchers hope that their findings could eventually lead to a new treatment for the disease in all individuals.
Human protein may improve bone growth when injected
02/16/2011 - An international team of researchers has announced what they believe to be a breakthrough in osteoporosis treatment. Using a naturally occurring protein, scientists say they were able to stimulate bone growth in menopausal laboratory animals.
Southern and Appalachian states lead CDC's list of least active and have highest rates of type 2 diabetes
02/16/2011 - A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that residents of the South and Appalachia have the highest rates of leisure time inactivity, obesity and type 2 diabetes in the country.
Paper points to association between medical scans and thyroid cancer rate
02/16/2011 - In a recent study, researchers at the National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics explored the connection between radiological scans and the increased rate of thyroid cancer.

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