Endocrinology News and Research Articles

New study shows it may be possible to turn pancreatic cells into insulin producers in people with type 1 diabetes
04/29/2011 - A team of researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) may have discovered a mechanism that could turn cells in the pancreas into insulin-producing beta cells, thereby eliminating the need to take insulin injections among individuals with type 1 diabetes.
Medical costs are higher for children with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes than healthy youths
04/28/2011 - Young people who have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes have significantly higher annual medical expenses than children who do not have the disease, according to a new study from researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Vitamin D deficiency may be linked to type 2 diabetes risk in Caucasians, study finds
04/27/2011 - Vitamin D deficiency may contribute to racial differences in the way fat is stored in the body and increase the risk of type 2 diabetes among obese Caucasian children, according to a new study from a team of University of Pittsburgh researchers.
Researchers identify amino acids that may explain the benefits of gastric bypass surgery for type 2 diabetics
04/27/2011 - Lower levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) may explain why obese individuals with type 2 diabetes who opt for gastric bypass weight loss surgery are often able to improve their blood sugar control even before they lose any weight, according to a new study out of Duke University.
Case report describes misdiagnosis of papillary thyroid cancer
04/27/2011 - The importance of correctly pinpointing papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) was recently highlighted in a case report describing the misdiagnosis of the disease as carcinoma of the lungs.
Nutrient in tangerines shown to limit type 2 diabetes risk
04/26/2011 - The antioxidant nobiletin, which occurs naturally in high levels in tangerines, may help individuals avoid the symptoms of metabolic syndrome and prevent them from developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from a group of University of Western Ontario researchers.
Alone, low vitamin D counts may not indicate need to test for osteoporosis
04/26/2011 - While countless health authorities recommend regularly consuming vitamin D in order to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, a group of British scientists has released findings indicating that on its own, a deficiency of the nutrient may not be enough to merit a bone scan.
Medicines may one day target papillary thyroid cancer based on its genetic source
04/25/2011 - Given that thyroid cancer is a disease that originates in mutations of DNA, an Italian researcher recently reviewed the state of genomic medicine, a healthcare field that has the potential to treat malignancies at the genetic level.
Researchers look at protein that may contribute to development of type 1 diabetes
04/25/2011 - Low levels of the protein interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) may predict an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes in children, according to a study currently being conducted by researchers at Georgia Health Sciences University.
In mildest cases of thyroid cancer, radioactive iodine therapy may be unnecessary
04/22/2011 - While radioactive iodine is routinely prescribed to treat many forms of thyroid cancer, a group of New York researchers stated that this therapy may be unnecessary or even dangerous among patients with the mildest forms of the disease.
New study describes molecular process that causes type 1 diabetes
04/22/2011 - A team of scientists from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research has identified a group of previously unknown immune system cells that may play a major role in the development of type 1 diabetes. The researchers believe that their findings could lead to the creation of new medications to suppress these cells and help individuals avoid the condition.
New medication may limit kidney damage in individuals with type 2 diabetes
04/22/2011 - A new medication developed by researchers at the University of California, San Diego may improve kidney function in individuals with type 2 diabetes and kidney disease, and help them avoid end-stage renal disease, according to a new study from the group.
Calcium supplements may increase risk of heart problems in osteoporosis patients
04/21/2011 - While health experts almost universally recommend that Americans with osteoporosis take calcium and vitamin D supplements, recent research suggests that this regimen may increase the risk of heart problems for elderly women with the bone disease.
Genetic analysis spots hereditary cases of medullary thyroid cancer
04/21/2011 - A significant percentage of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases are hereditary, caused by a genetic mutation that researchers recently sought while examining the DNA of Middle Eastern adults with apparently sporadic cases of the disease.
Low-carbohydrate diets shown to improve kidney function in individuals with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
04/21/2011 - Low-carbohydrate diets may reverse impaired kidney function in individuals with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Mount Sinai Medical Center.
High levels of certain protein may throw off metabolic processes and increase risk of type 2 diabetes
04/20/2011 - An overabundance of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) in the brain could throw off a metabolic regulatory mechanism and increase an individual's risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from Yeshiva University researchers.
Experts hash out the current direction of osteoporosis treatments
04/20/2011 - Given worldwide increases in both osteoporosis diagnoses and treatment options, a group of endocrinologists and bone health experts recently published a report summarizing the current state of osteoporosis therapy and research.
Counseling patients with depression and type 2 diabetes may improve treatment outcomes
04/20/2011 - Addressing symptoms of depression may be one of the most important aspects of treating a person with type 2 diabetes, according to a new investigation from the VA Ann Arbor Health System.
Study establishes epidemiology of thyroid cancer by type, demographic group
04/19/2011 - Researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and several U.S. universities recently analyzed state-based thyroid cancer data in order to determine the incidence of each variety of the disease among American demographic groups.
Older type 2 diabetics with low blood sugar may have higher mortality rate
04/19/2011 - In addition to worrying about excessively high blood sugar levels, older adults with type 2 diabetes should be concerned about very low blood glucose levels as well. A new study from University of Chicago researchers has shown that this may result in a modest increase in their risk of death.
Medullary thyroid cancer may literally be 'a pain in the neck'
04/18/2011 - It can be difficult to detect the presence of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), but new research suggests that individuals with neck pain are more likely than those without it to have an advanced case of the disease.
People with dementia take fewer osteoporosis medications
04/18/2011 - Research conducted at the Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University in Sweden indicates that aging adults with dementia may be undertreated for osteoporosis and experience more fractures caused by the bone disease.
Artificial pancreas technology may be effective in adults with type 1 diabetes
04/18/2011 - During the night, many adults with type 1 diabetes experience dangerously low blood sugar levels. This can result in a number of potentially serious health complications. However, the use of an artificial pancreas may significantly improve the ability of these individuals' bodies to regulate glucose levels, according to a new study from University of Cambridge researchers.
Mother's diet during pregnancy can affect her child's obesity and type 2 diabetes risk
04/18/2011 - A woman's diet during pregnancy can cause changes to her unborn child's DNA that may significantly increase its risk of obesity and make it more likely to developing type 2 diabetes during its lifetime, according to new research from the University of Southampton.
Many individuals with type 2 diabetes are unaware of the dangers of hypoglycemia
04/15/2011 - A majority of individuals with type 2 diabetes experience low blood sugar levels during the course of everyday activities like working, driving and exercising. In some of these situations, the consequences could be serious, as low blood sugar often results in fainting and loss of consciousness.

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