Endocrinology News and Research Articles

New study describes molecular process that causes type 1 diabetes
04/21/2011 - A team of scientists from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research has identified a group of previously unknown immune system cells that may play a major role in the development of type 1 diabetes. The researchers believe that their findings could lead to the creation of new medications to suppress these cells and help individuals avoid the condition.
New medication may limit kidney damage in individuals with type 2 diabetes
04/21/2011 - A new medication developed by researchers at the University of California, San Diego may improve kidney function in individuals with type 2 diabetes and kidney disease, and help them avoid end-stage renal disease, according to a new study from the group.
Calcium supplements may increase risk of heart problems in osteoporosis patients
04/20/2011 - While health experts almost universally recommend that Americans with osteoporosis take calcium and vitamin D supplements, recent research suggests that this regimen may increase the risk of heart problems for elderly women with the bone disease.
Genetic analysis spots hereditary cases of medullary thyroid cancer
04/20/2011 - A significant percentage of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases are hereditary, caused by a genetic mutation that researchers recently sought while examining the DNA of Middle Eastern adults with apparently sporadic cases of the disease.
Low-carbohydrate diets shown to improve kidney function in individuals with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
04/20/2011 - Low-carbohydrate diets may reverse impaired kidney function in individuals with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, according to a new study conducted by researchers at Mount Sinai Medical Center.
High levels of certain protein may throw off metabolic processes and increase risk of type 2 diabetes
04/19/2011 - An overabundance of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) in the brain could throw off a metabolic regulatory mechanism and increase an individual's risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from Yeshiva University researchers.
Experts hash out the current direction of osteoporosis treatments
04/19/2011 - Given worldwide increases in both osteoporosis diagnoses and treatment options, a group of endocrinologists and bone health experts recently published a report summarizing the current state of osteoporosis therapy and research.
Counseling patients with depression and type 2 diabetes may improve treatment outcomes
04/19/2011 - Addressing symptoms of depression may be one of the most important aspects of treating a person with type 2 diabetes, according to a new investigation from the VA Ann Arbor Health System.
Study establishes epidemiology of thyroid cancer by type, demographic group
04/18/2011 - Researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and several U.S. universities recently analyzed state-based thyroid cancer data in order to determine the incidence of each variety of the disease among American demographic groups.
Older type 2 diabetics with low blood sugar may have higher mortality rate
04/18/2011 - In addition to worrying about excessively high blood sugar levels, older adults with type 2 diabetes should be concerned about very low blood glucose levels as well. A new study from University of Chicago researchers has shown that this may result in a modest increase in their risk of death.
Medullary thyroid cancer may literally be 'a pain in the neck'
04/17/2011 - It can be difficult to detect the presence of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), but new research suggests that individuals with neck pain are more likely than those without it to have an advanced case of the disease.
Artificial pancreas technology may be effective in adults with type 1 diabetes
04/17/2011 - During the night, many adults with type 1 diabetes experience dangerously low blood sugar levels. This can result in a number of potentially serious health complications. However, the use of an artificial pancreas may significantly improve the ability of these individuals' bodies to regulate glucose levels, according to a new study from University of Cambridge researchers.
Many individuals with type 2 diabetes are unaware of the dangers of hypoglycemia
04/14/2011 - A majority of individuals with type 2 diabetes experience low blood sugar levels during the course of everyday activities like working, driving and exercising. In some of these situations, the consequences could be serious, as low blood sugar often results in fainting and loss of consciousness.
Researchers seek to explain mechanism behind the type 2 diabetes benefits of weight loss surgery
04/14/2011 - It's a mystery that has vexed type 2 diabetes researchers and doctors for years: why are obese patients who undergo weight loss surgery able to resolve their diabetes so quickly, often before they have even lost any weight? A team of researchers from the Lund University Diabetes Center plan to answer this question.
Exposure to flame retardant material may increase risk of thyroid disease
04/14/2011 - Research conducted at the University of South Carolina's School of Medicine suggests that exposure to low doses of a specific class of flame-retardant chemicals may alter the expression of thyroid hormones in the body, potentially leading to thyroid disease.
HIV, osteoporosis and antiretroviral therapy may have complex relationship
04/13/2011 - A number of recent studies have explored the apparent connection between HIV infection, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and osteoporosis, and a number have considered additional factors like vitamin deficiency and physical inactivity.
Treating type 2 diabetes may lower Alzheimer's disease risk
04/13/2011 - Controlling type 2 diabetes symptoms may produce many health benefits. Now, a new study from a team of Chinese researchers adds the decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease to the list.
Low testosterone increases risk of death in men with type 2 diabetes
04/13/2011 - Allowing low testosterone levels to go untreated may sharply increase the risk of early death among men with type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from a group of British researchers.
Minimally invasive surgery for thyroid disease may be fit for children
04/13/2011 - Research conducted at Georgia Health Sciences University indicates that minimally invasive surgery for thyroid disease, a procedure once only used among adults, appears to have few complications for children and teens.
Regular exercise improves liver function and cuts type 2 diabetes risk in obese individuals
04/12/2011 - Obese individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who are also at risk of developing type 2 diabetes may be able to improve the condition of their livers and boost their metabolic health through moderate amounts of aerobic activity, according to a new study from researchers at the Cleveland Clinic.
What is diffuse sclerosing papillary thyroid cancer? Rare and dangerous, experts say
04/11/2011 - Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the thyroid gland's most common and treatable carcinoma, but new research has outlined a rare but much more serious variant of this disease.
Researchers come to new understanding of process that contributes to type 2 diabetes
04/10/2011 - A new study conducted by a group of researchers from the University of North Carolina may help clarify the connection between high levels of body fat, inflammation and insulin resistance, three factors that are known to increase type 2 diabetes risk but are still poorly understood by science.
FDA approves drug to treat aggressive medullary thyroid cancer
04/10/2011 - After an international, double-blind clinical trial conducted among patients with advanced medullary thyroid cancer, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a medication called vandetanib to treat the disease.
Compounds in green tea may slow postmenopausal bone loss, osteoporosis
04/10/2011 - A growing body of research suggests that consuming polyphenols, like those found in green tea, may help postmenopausal women preserve bone density and slow the onset of osteoporosis.
Problem-solving lessons help individuals with type 2 diabetes improve self-care
04/10/2011 - Disease management programs that teach participants general problem-solving skills in addition to providing disease-specific information may be able to greatly improve the ability of individuals with type 2 diabetes to control and in some cases resolve their condition, according to a new study out of Johns Hopkins University.

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