Endocrinology News and Research Articles

Osteoporosis medications reduce risk of death in women
05/18/2011 - Due to the increased risk of death associated with osteoporosis, researchers from Australia's Garvan Institute of Medical Research and the University of New South Wales recently analyzed the effect that medications for bone loss have on longevity.
Studies summarize promising innovations in molecular diagnosis of thyroid cancer
05/18/2011 - Two recently released studies, one written by a pair of Greek endocrinologists and the other by an American pathologist, summarize the latest advancements made into the molecular analysis and diagnosis of thyroid cancer.
Enzyme may increase insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes risk
05/17/2011 - Higher levels of an enzyme known as PKC-delta may lead to greater insulin resistance and a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from the Joslin Diabetes Center. Researchers said that their findings may lead to the development of new medications that improve insulin sensitivity.
Limiting cholesterol levels may minimize inflammation and reduce type 2 diabetes risk
05/17/2011 - By stimulating the enzyme CEH to remove more cholesterol from cells, it may be possible to limit inflammation, improve insulin sensitivity and reduce an individual's type 2 diabetes risk, said a group of researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine.
Canadian osteoporosis-related hip fracture rates drop, yet remain significant
05/17/2011 - Due to the negative impact osteoporosis-related hip fractures can have on mobility and quality of life, a team of Canadian researchers recently set out to estimate the risk of such an injury among people age 50 and older.
Researchers assess causes of death among those who succumb to well-differentiated thyroid cancer
05/16/2011 - While well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) tends to have a high post-surgical survival rate, individuals who have been treated for this form of thyroid disease occasionally die nonetheless, and a team of New York researchers recently attempted to determine the reasons why.
Gender, primary language affect knowledge of osteoporosis
05/16/2011 - Researchers from Canada and the U.S. recently tested the knowledge of osteoporosis among fracture patients, and what they found is that many men and people who spoke English as a second language (ESL) were less likely to have an adequate understanding of progressive bone loss.
Researchers identify single gene that controls many risk factors for type 2 diabetes
05/16/2011 - A team of British researchers has found that the KLF14 gene, which was already known to play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels, may serve a much broader purpose in the body, regulating many metabolic functions.
Low bone mineral density increases risks of heart attacks, as well as osteoporosis
05/13/2011 - It is commonly accepted that having a low bone mineral density (BMD) increases the likelihood of osteoporosis, but new research indicates that this skeletal deficiency can also boost the risk of heart attacks for both genders.
New study finds link between growth hormone therapy and type 2 diabetes in children
05/13/2011 - In recent years, prescribing growth hormone has become a common treatment for many childhood conditions. However, a new study from the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly has found that this therapy may dramatically increase young people's risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Evidence mounts for possible link between autism and type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
05/13/2011 - While the causes of autism remain unknown, new evidence suggests that a child may be more likely to develop the condition if their mother had type 2 diabetes, was obese or had high blood pressure.
Genetic changes in thyroid cancer block vitamin D3 absorption in tumor cells
05/12/2011 - A recent letter to the editor of the journal Thyroid commented on the apparent connection between papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and the overexpression of the CYP24A1 gene, which codes for enzymes that deactivate vitamin D3.
Researchers identify genetic pathway involved in fat storage that may predispose individuals to type 2 diabetes
05/12/2011 - The discovery of a new genetic pathway that controls the storage of energy as fat and its subsequent expenditure could lead to the development of new medications aimed at treating metabolic conditions like obesity and type 2 diabetes, says a group of researchers from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
Blocking a set of enzymes in the liver may turn off glucose production, leading to healthier blood sugar levels for type 2 diabetics
05/12/2011 - A new study from researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has shown that a group of enzymes known as histone deacetylases (HDACs) may play a key role in regulating the liver's production of glucose. The finding could lead to the development of new medications that allow individuals with type 2 diabetes to maintain tighter control over their blood sugar levels.
Osteoporosis treatment is less common among people with dementia
05/12/2011 - A study conducted by Swedish scientists has concluded that among elderly people with osteoporosis, those who suffer from dementia are less likely than their peers to receive treatments for progressive bone loss.
Researchers say type 2 diabetes may actually be an autoimmune disease
05/11/2011 - A new study from a group of Stanford University researchers suggests that, similar to type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes may be an autoimmune disorder. The classification of the disease as such could drastically change the way that doctors and scientists think about it, which may lead to the development of different treatments and medications.
Scientists tabulate osteoporosis risk factors in aging fracture patients
05/11/2011 - Among aging patients who are admitted for fractures, more than a quarter can be found to have previously undiagnosed health conditions that contribute to the onset of osteoporosis, according to a study conducted in the Netherlands.
New study links reliance on car to obesity, with implications for type 2 diabetes
05/11/2011 - The surging obesity rates and the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes may be closely associated with Americans' growing reliance on automobiles, suggests a new study out of the University of Illinois.
Study examines occult medullary thyroid cancer
05/11/2011 - Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a relatively rare form of thyroid disease, one that is often difficult to detect, which is one reason why scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine recently attempted to quantify the rate at which MTC goes undiscovered until a thyroidectomy.
Researchers seek to determine if combination of two type 1 diabetes medications will work
05/10/2011 - A new study on the possibility of combining injections of insulin and the blood sugar-mediating drug pramlintide could help individuals with type 1 diabetes limit the number of injections they need to take each day.
New study confirms benefits for type 2 diabetics of combining aerobic exercise and resistance training
05/10/2011 - When aerobic exercise is combined with resistance training, it can lead to significant improvements in cardiovascular risk factors among individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from a group of Canadian researchers.
Trial finds that osteoporosis drug increases bone turnover but does not lower fracture risk
05/10/2011 - A study conducted by a group of Japanese bone researchers has found that the osteoporosis drug bazedoxifene, which is still in development, stimulates bone turnover but does not decrease fracture risk in postmenopausal women.
Insulin resistance precedes mitochondrial dysfunction in type 2 diabetics, study finds
05/09/2011 - Insulin resistance, which is common in individuals with type 2 diabetes, may result from dysfunctions in the mitochondria, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Cambridge. The findings help answer an enduring mystery that has perplexed diabetes investigators for years.
Expert panel discusses osteoporosis in men
05/09/2011 - At the recently held Fifth International Conference on Osteoporosis in Men, an international panel of experts discussed clinical agreements and disagreements regarding progressive bone loss among men.
Study confirms that a class of osteoporosis medications confers small risk of atypical fracture
05/06/2011 - A number of studies have suggested that taking bisphosphonates, a common class of osteoporosis medications, entails a small risk of atypical fracture, and a recent report in the New England Journal of Medicine supports this hypothesis.

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