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Endocrinology News and Research Articles

Protein tests predict recurrence of papillary or follicular thyroid cancer
06/03/2011 - Some experts are unsure of the ability of protein-based tests to predict the return of thyroid carcinomas, which is why a team of scientists recently monitored the recurrence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) or follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) among patients given serum thyroglobulin (Tg) assays.
Researchers say late-life increases in calcium may not reduce osteoporosis-related fracture risk
06/02/2011 - Consuming calcium is an important way to prevent osteoporosis, but new research has suggested that after years of poor diet, a late-life move to supplementation of the mineral may not reduce the risk of fractures or bone loss.
Study of thyroid cancer in Italy points to better surveillance, not higher incidence
06/01/2011 - A survey of 15 years' worth of data mined from Italy's cancer registries has found that though diagnoses of the disease have increased over time, this surge appears to be due mainly to improvements in medical surveillance and tumor detection.
Researchers find new indicators of gestational diabetes risk
05/27/2011 - It may be possible for doctors to predict a woman's risk of developing gestational diabetes up to seven years before she becomes pregnant through blood sugar testing and body weight assessments, according to a new study out of the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.
Natural substance may improve insulin sensitivity and limit fatty liver deposits in individuals with type 2 diabetes
05/26/2011 - A natural substance known as dilauroylphosphatidylcholine, or DLPC, has been shown by a recent study to reduce fatty deposits in the liver and improve insulin sensitivity, two major problems among individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Drug pairing may raise blood sugar, putting type 2 diabetics at risk
05/26/2011 - The antidepressant Paxil and cholesterol-lowering drug Pravachol are commonly prescribed in conjunction with one another, but a new study indicates that the combination may lead to dangerous increases in blood sugar in all patients, particularly those with type 2 diabetes.
Broken ankles do not necessarily indicate osteoporotic fracture risk among aging women
05/26/2011 - Though a number of studies have associated hip and vertebral pressure fractures with an increased likelihood of osteoporosis, a new study from a team of Canadian researchers indicated that broken ankles do not confer a greater risk of subsequent osteoporotic fractures among women age 50 or older.
Study links fruit, vegetable consumption to lower osteoporosis risk in mature women
05/25/2011 - In order to explore the connection between diet and osteoporosis, a team of Canadian scientists recently conducted a medical literature review of all articles dealing with the link between bone health and the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Type 2 diabetes patients may be more likely to contract tuberculosis
05/25/2011 - Individuals with type 2 diabetes are already known to be at an increased risk of several other diseases, including heart disease, kidney failure and neuropathy. Now, a new study from researchers at the University of Texas has found that they may also be more likely to acquire tuberculosis (TB).
Weight gain between pregnancies shown to increase risk of gestational diabetes
05/24/2011 - In women who experience two pregnancies, too much weight gain in the interim may predict an increased risk of gestational diabetes during the second pregnancy, according to a new study from the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.
Low-fat diet may be more important for lowering type 2 diabetes risk than losing weight
05/24/2011 - Doctors commonly advise overweight individuals who are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes to lose weight. However, a new study out of the University of Alabama at Birmingham suggests that this may not be the most important recommendation.
Questionnaire helps doctors predict female non-adherence to osteoporosis medications
05/24/2011 - Because individuals who neglect to take treatments for bone loss are at a high risk for fractures, scientists at Boston's Brigham and Women’s Hospital recently created a series of questions designed to help physicians predict which patients will not adhere to their osteoporosis medications.
Thyroid cancer co-occurs with Hashimoto's thyroiditis more often than with Graves' disease
05/24/2011 - Individuals with autoimmune thyroid diseases tend to have a higher risk of developing cancer of the gland, which is one reason why researchers at Japan's Ito Hospital recently tabulated the incidence of thyroid tumors among patients with Graves' disease (GD) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).
Inflammation may be behind diabetic nephropathy in individuals with type 2 diabetes
05/23/2011 - Changes that control inflammatory responses within the kidneys may be the root cause of severe nephropathy stemming from type 2 diabetes, according to a team of researchers from the University of Louisville.
Synthetic parathyroid hormone, supplements may help heal osteoporosis-related stress fractures
05/23/2011 - Because the long-term use of certain osteoporosis medications paradoxically increases the risk of stress fractures, researchers at the University of California, San Francisco recently investigated the potential that synthetic parathyroid hormone has for treating such injuries.
Arterial plaque test may accurately predict risk for cardiovascular complications among type 2 diabetics
05/23/2011 - Testing for coronary artery calcium levels may be an effective way to indentify type 2 diabetes patients who are at the greatest risk of dying at a young age from a cardiovascular event, according to the results of a new study out of Wake Forest University.
Scientists explore how thyroid cancer metastasizes, often staying dormant for years
05/23/2011 - Distant metastases of thyroid cancer can dramatically reduce a patient's likelihood of survival, which is one reason why a scientist at the Ohio State University College of Medicine recently reviewed the current clinical understanding of how thyroid carcinoma cells migrate.
Researchers calculate the cost of osteoporosis-related hip fractures among elderly care residents
05/20/2011 - While the number of osteoporosis-related fractures that occur in a year is relatively well known, the direct cost of these injuries is rarely quantified, which is why a group of UK scientists recently attempted to do just that.
Common type 2 diabetes medication may raise risk of bladder cancer
05/20/2011 - The type 2 diabetes medication pioglitazone may be associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer, according to a new review of Food and Drug Administration data conducted by a team of Italian researchers.
Macrocephaly points to likelihood of PTEN mutation in follicular thyroid cancer patients
05/20/2011 - Among people with a mutation of a particular gene called PTEN, the rate of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is between 3 and 10 percent, but until recently, researchers had not tabulated how many patients with follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) typically display the mutation.
Type 2 diabetes often precedes mood disorders
05/20/2011 - Type 2 diabetes and mood disorders such as depression and anxiety are known to co-occur at high rates. However, doctors have been unsure whether one condition causes the other or if a single underlying factor is responsible for both ailments.
Morbid obesity reduces the effectiveness of levothyroxine for patients with hypothyroidism
05/19/2011 - Due to the dampening effect that a higher body mass index (BMI) can have on the body's absorption of a thyroid hormone replacement called levothyroxine (LT4), a group of Greek researchers recently investigated how morbid obesity might change the uptake of this drug in patients with hypothyroidism.
Uncovering process that determines fate of stem cells may lead to better treatments for type 1 diabetes
05/19/2011 - By looking at markers on proteins known as histones, around which DNA molecules wind, a team of researchers from the University of Pennsylvania believes that it may be possible to predict the fate of embryonic stem cells. This knowledge could be used to steer these cells toward developing into insulin-producing pancreatic cells, which individuals with type 1 diabetes lack.
Men with type 2 diabetes are more likely to suffer cardiovascular complications than women
05/19/2011 - Type 2 diabetes is known to increase an individual's risk of developing cardiovascular complications, but a new study from a group of Yale University researchers shows that men are at significantly greater risk than women.
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is tied to increased risk of metabolic problems like obesity and type 2 diabetes
05/18/2011 - Gaining too much weight during pregnancy can dramatically increase a woman's odds of becoming obese later in life and developing associated health problems, which often include type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from a team of British researchers.

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