Endocrinology News and Research Articles

New study finds link between growth hormone therapy and type 2 diabetes in children
05/12/2011 - In recent years, prescribing growth hormone has become a common treatment for many childhood conditions. However, a new study from the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly has found that this therapy may dramatically increase young people's risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Low bone mineral density increases risks of heart attacks, as well as osteoporosis
05/12/2011 - It is commonly accepted that having a low bone mineral density (BMD) increases the likelihood of osteoporosis, but new research indicates that this skeletal deficiency can also boost the risk of heart attacks for both genders.
Evidence mounts for possible link between autism and type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
05/12/2011 - While the causes of autism remain unknown, new evidence suggests that a child may be more likely to develop the condition if their mother had type 2 diabetes, was obese or had high blood pressure.
Genetic changes in thyroid cancer block vitamin D3 absorption in tumor cells
05/11/2011 - A recent letter to the editor of the journal Thyroid commented on the apparent connection between papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and the overexpression of the CYP24A1 gene, which codes for enzymes that deactivate vitamin D3.
Researchers identify genetic pathway involved in fat storage that may predispose individuals to type 2 diabetes
05/11/2011 - The discovery of a new genetic pathway that controls the storage of energy as fat and its subsequent expenditure could lead to the development of new medications aimed at treating metabolic conditions like obesity and type 2 diabetes, says a group of researchers from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
Blocking a set of enzymes in the liver may turn off glucose production, leading to healthier blood sugar levels for type 2 diabetics
05/11/2011 - A new study from researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has shown that a group of enzymes known as histone deacetylases (HDACs) may play a key role in regulating the liver's production of glucose. The finding could lead to the development of new medications that allow individuals with type 2 diabetes to maintain tighter control over their blood sugar levels.
Osteoporosis treatment is less common among people with dementia
05/11/2011 - A study conducted by Swedish scientists has concluded that among elderly people with osteoporosis, those who suffer from dementia are less likely than their peers to receive treatments for progressive bone loss.
Researchers say type 2 diabetes may actually be an autoimmune disease
05/10/2011 - A new study from a group of Stanford University researchers suggests that, similar to type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes may be an autoimmune disorder. The classification of the disease as such could drastically change the way that doctors and scientists think about it, which may lead to the development of different treatments and medications.
Scientists tabulate osteoporosis risk factors in aging fracture patients
05/10/2011 - Among aging patients who are admitted for fractures, more than a quarter can be found to have previously undiagnosed health conditions that contribute to the onset of osteoporosis, according to a study conducted in the Netherlands.
New study links reliance on car to obesity, with implications for type 2 diabetes
05/10/2011 - The surging obesity rates and the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes may be closely associated with Americans' growing reliance on automobiles, suggests a new study out of the University of Illinois.
Study examines occult medullary thyroid cancer
05/10/2011 - Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a relatively rare form of thyroid disease, one that is often difficult to detect, which is one reason why scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine recently attempted to quantify the rate at which MTC goes undiscovered until a thyroidectomy.
Researchers seek to determine if combination of two type 1 diabetes medications will work
05/09/2011 - A new study on the possibility of combining injections of insulin and the blood sugar-mediating drug pramlintide could help individuals with type 1 diabetes limit the number of injections they need to take each day.
New study confirms benefits for type 2 diabetics of combining aerobic exercise and resistance training
05/09/2011 - When aerobic exercise is combined with resistance training, it can lead to significant improvements in cardiovascular risk factors among individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from a group of Canadian researchers.
Trial finds that osteoporosis drug increases bone turnover but does not lower fracture risk
05/09/2011 - A study conducted by a group of Japanese bone researchers has found that the osteoporosis drug bazedoxifene, which is still in development, stimulates bone turnover but does not decrease fracture risk in postmenopausal women.
Insulin resistance precedes mitochondrial dysfunction in type 2 diabetics, study finds
05/08/2011 - Insulin resistance, which is common in individuals with type 2 diabetes, may result from dysfunctions in the mitochondria, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Cambridge. The findings help answer an enduring mystery that has perplexed diabetes investigators for years.
Expert panel discusses osteoporosis in men
05/08/2011 - At the recently held Fifth International Conference on Osteoporosis in Men, an international panel of experts discussed clinical agreements and disagreements regarding progressive bone loss among men.
Study confirms that a class of osteoporosis medications confers small risk of atypical fracture
05/05/2011 - A number of studies have suggested that taking bisphosphonates, a common class of osteoporosis medications, entails a small risk of atypical fracture, and a recent report in the New England Journal of Medicine supports this hypothesis.
Intervention Programs Help Women with Gestational Diabetes Lose More Weight
05/05/2011 - Lifestyle intervention programs that target diet and exercise habits may help women who experience gestational diabetes retain less weight during pregnancy and reduce their future risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from the Kaiser Permanente Foundation.
Studies recommend maintaining current protocol for radioactive iodine treatment of thyroid cancer
05/05/2011 - Though a significant body of research recommends that all patients who have been given radioactive iodine 131 (I-131) for thyroid cancer be hospitalized overnight, two new studies suggest keeping the procedure outpatient.
Antibody test predicts risk of thyroid disease after pregnancy
05/04/2011 - Women who are pregnant have a moderate risk of suffering from postpartum thyroid disease, which is why a Czech group of clinicians and biotechnicians recently tested the rate at which patients with a particular antibody develop thyroid problems after giving birth.
Silencing a protein could turn fat cells into energy burners in individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes
05/04/2011 - Silencing the neuropeptide Y (NPY) protein in the brain may turn adipose tissue into a type of fat that burns excess energy rather than storing it, according to a new study from Johns Hopkins University researchers. The findings could have major implications for obese individuals who are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Late sleepers eat more calories and have higher BMIs, putting them at risk for type 2 diabetes
05/04/2011 - Individuals who regularly stay up late may be more likely to eat excess calories and have a higher body mass index (BMI), putting themselves at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to new research out of Northwestern University.
Electrolyte disorder boosts fracture risk in elderly, but connection to osteoporosis is unclear
05/03/2011 - Dutch researchers recently confirmed what several prior reports have suggested about the blood disease hyponatremia - namely, that low levels of sodium in the blood can increase the risk of fractures in elderly people with or without osteoporosis.
Physical activity leads to significant improvement in blood sugar control for type 2 diabetics
05/03/2011 - A structured exercise program, whether it includes aerobic workouts or resistance training, may help individuals with type 2 diabetes improve their blood sugar control, according to a new study from a team of Brazilian researchers.
Researchers connect poor sleep and uncontrolled blood sugar in type 2 diabetics
05/02/2011 - Individuals with type 2 diabetes who sleep poorly at night may be more insulin resistant and have a harder time controlling their blood sugar levels than those who sleep well, according to a new study from a team of University of Chicago researchers.