Experts say solutions to the type 2 diabetes epidemic are already known

While chronic illnesses, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and liver disease, have collectively become the leading causes of death in the U.S., experts say that the conditions are largely avoidable and that simple steps can help reduce an individual's risk.

The majority of chronic diseases can be traced back to obesity. This is particularly true of type 2 diabetes. Excess body fat can make an individual resistant to their body's insulin, which leads to chronically elevated blood sugar levels. This can have major health consequences.

While many people are looking to the development of new medications to solve these problems, others feel that we already have the solutions.

"Medication can help but not fix the problem, which is corrected by simply doing what we already know is best for us: good nutrition and exercise," said Dr. Ridwan Shabsigh, director of the Division of Urology at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY.

He added that getting more exercise, as well as consuming higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D are ways to avoid obesity and the health complications associated with type 2 diabetes, heart disease and liver disease.
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