Almonds may reduce type 2 diabetes risk

Adding more almonds to a diet may be an effective way to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from Loma Linda University.

The study, which was published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, indicates that individuals who eat a diet that is rich in almonds have increased insulin sensitivity and lower levels of LDL, or "bad," cholesterol, which are two common risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.

For the study, researchers compared the insulin and cholesterol levels of a group of participants who were assigned to take in 20 percent of their total daily calories from almonds to a group that was given no dietary instruction. The greatest gains in insulin sensitivity and cholesterol levels were noted in the group that was instructed to eat almonds.

"We have made great strides in chronic disease research from evidence of effective treatment to evidence of effective prevention," said Michelle Wien, who led the study, "It is promising for those with risk factors for chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, that dietary changes may help to improve factors that play a potential role in the disease development."

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