Healthy diet may reduce type 2 diabetes risk

Eating a more nutritious diet may be an effective way for individuals to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study from Lund University researchers.

By focusing on foods that lower inflammation, researchers found that individuals were able to reduce many of the common risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including cholesterol, blood lipids and blood pressure.

For the study, participants were instructed to begin a diet that consisted of food rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. These nutrients have been shown to reduce inflammation. Some of the foods included fish, barley, soy protein and berries.

As a group, total cholesterol was reduced by 33 percent, blood lipids by 14 percent, and blood pressure by 8 percent. Researchers said that the combinatory effect of the various food in the diet likely accounted for the reduced diabetes risk.

“We believe in the idea of combined effects,” said Inger Bjork, who led the investigation into type 2 diabetes risk factors. “Drug or specific products with health claims affect only one or maybe a couple of risk factors. By eating a combination of food you can in a simple and striking way affect many risk parameters simultaneously."
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