Thyroid Diseases News and Research

PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome boosts risk of thyroid cancer, even in childhood
09/28/2011 - Among people with phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS), the lifetime risk of developing thyroid cancer is much higher - even in childhood, according to a recent set of case studies.
Fine-needle biopsy can accurately diagnose thyroid cancer in large nodules
09/20/2011 - Having a large thyroid nodule does not necessarily indicate the presence of thyroid cancer, but physicians often recommend the use of an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in order to determine whether such a growth is benign or malignant.
Diabetes increases late-life risk of thyroid cancer
09/18/2011 - While previous studies have suggested that diabetes increases a person's lifetime risk of developing thyroid cancer, a new report has announced that this association appears to hold true for retirement-age Americans.
How prevalent is thyroid cancer in the U.S.?
09/14/2011 - Though it may seem like an easy disease to track, thyroid cancer can be relatively subtle, requiring oncologists and epidemiologists to analyze reams of data in the effort to pin down its prevalence.
CSI: NY actor opens up about the personal, financial costs of thyroid cancer
09/06/2011 - After discovering he had thyroid cancer, actor Hill Harper decided to record his thoughts and frustrations about health, finances and family in a new book, titled The Wealth Cure.
Nerve-locating technique results in fewer cases of hypoparathyroidism, vocal paralysis
08/22/2011 - A small percentage of patients who receive thyroidectomies experience hoarseness, hypoparathyroidism or even vocal paralysis due to a damaged nerve. Now, a team of Turkish researchers has determined which of two nerve-locating techniques has a lower complication rate.
Article reviews rare cardiac metastases of thyroid cancer
08/16/2011 - Even among the most virulent types of metastatic thyroid cancer, the carcinoma is very unlikely to migrate to the heart, which is why a team of Australian researchers recently compiled a list of all cardiac metastases of thyroid tumors (CMTTs) recorded in the last 130 years.
Case study examines spread of papillary thyroid cancer to bones
08/11/2011 - Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is generally considered the most benign of all thyroid carcinomas, with a low risk of metastasis, which is one reason why a researcher from Georgetown University published a case study of a patient whose PTC was found to have spread to many skeletal sites in her body.
Gestational hypothyroidism carries risk of neonatal cognitive delays
08/04/2011 - A hypothyroidism diagnosis is problematic no matter what stage of life a person is in, but for pregnant women the risks can be especially great, since research indicates that children born to mothers with the thyroid disease can have intellectual delays.
Hypothyroidism is linked to increased risk of coronary heart disease, death
08/02/2011 - Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the U.S., and researchers from Ohio's Cleveland Clinic have announced that people with hypothyroidism - even the moderate subclinical variety - may have a higher risk of CHD and of death in general.
Doctors update guidelines for detecting, treating hypothyroidism during pregnancy
07/31/2011 - A team of researchers associated with the American Thyroid Association (ATA) recently released a list of updated guidelines for the detection and treatment of the thyroid disease in expectant mothers.
Age, tumor size affect metastasis, prognosis for patients with follicular thyroid cancer
07/17/2011 - Though it is not the most virulent form of thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) is more likely than the papillary variety to spread to distant sites in the body, which is one reason why Japanese researchers recently analyzed the factors affecting the metastasis of FTC.
Phthalates, BPA may alter the body's thyroid hormone levels
07/11/2011 - Researchers have announced that exposure to phthalates or bisphenol A (BPA), which are common industrial chemicals, may alter thyroid hormone levels and potentially aggravate or even lead to thyroid disease.
Reoperation for persistent papillary thyroid cancer is relatively effective
07/06/2011 - Though it is a fairly non-aggressive form of the disease, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) occasionally reappears in the lymph nodes of the neck following a thyroidectomy, which is why a team of Korean researchers recently assessed the viability of reoperating for persistent PTC.
Parathyroid tissue glows brighter than thyroid cancer under near-infrared light
07/04/2011 - Surgeons often complain about how difficult it is to leave the parathyroid glands intact while removing thyroid cancer or lymph nodes from the neck, but a recent study suggested a novel way to spot them.
Study analyzes metastases of medullary thyroid cancer
06/19/2011 - Public health authorities are aware of the most common sites of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) metastases, but a new study from France's Institut Gustave Roussy and the University Hospital in Tours has tabulated the prevalence of the more unusual sites to which the disease can spread.
Sprinter stays positive after treatment for papillary thyroid cancer
06/08/2011 - Though he was redshirted with a foot injury in 2010 and diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer in December of that year, collegiate sprinter Jeff Gudaitis has been recovering well and staying positive.
Mild hyperthyroidism may increase risk of death among the elderly
06/06/2011 - According to a team of Italian researchers from the University of Parma, having mild, asymptomatic hyperthyroidism - a form of thyroid disease in which the gland overproduces thyroid hormones - can dramatically increase the risk of death among the elderly.
Protein tests predict recurrence of papillary or follicular thyroid cancer
06/02/2011 - Some experts are unsure of the ability of protein-based tests to predict the return of thyroid carcinomas, which is why a team of scientists recently monitored the recurrence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) or follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) among patients given serum thyroglobulin (Tg) assays.
Study of thyroid cancer in Italy points to better surveillance, not higher incidence
05/31/2011 - A survey of 15 years' worth of data mined from Italy's cancer registries has found that though diagnoses of the disease have increased over time, this surge appears to be due mainly to improvements in medical surveillance and tumor detection.
Thyroid cancer co-occurs with Hashimoto's thyroiditis more often than with Graves' disease
05/23/2011 - Individuals with autoimmune thyroid diseases tend to have a higher risk of developing cancer of the gland, which is one reason why researchers at Japan's Ito Hospital recently tabulated the incidence of thyroid tumors among patients with Graves' disease (GD) or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).
Scientists explore how thyroid cancer metastasizes, often staying dormant for years
05/22/2011 - Distant metastases of thyroid cancer can dramatically reduce a patient's likelihood of survival, which is one reason why a scientist at the Ohio State University College of Medicine recently reviewed the current clinical understanding of how thyroid carcinoma cells migrate.
Macrocephaly points to likelihood of PTEN mutation in follicular thyroid cancer patients
05/19/2011 - Among people with a mutation of a particular gene called PTEN, the rate of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is between 3 and 10 percent, but until recently, researchers had not tabulated how many patients with follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) typically display the mutation.
Morbid obesity reduces the effectiveness of levothyroxine for patients with hypothyroidism
05/18/2011 - Due to the dampening effect that a higher body mass index (BMI) can have on the body's absorption of a thyroid hormone replacement called levothyroxine (LT4), a group of Greek researchers recently investigated how morbid obesity might change the uptake of this drug in patients with hypothyroidism.
 
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