Endocrinology Overview

Delphian node involvement may mean worse outlook for thyroid cancer
A new study has determined that when thyroid cancer metastasizes in the Delphian lymph node, there is a higher likelihood that many parts of the neck will be involved as well.
Physicians note unusual reaction to radioactive iodine after thyroidectomy
Healthcare experts say that radioactive iodine can be safely administered after a thyroidectomy because only leftover thyroid cells will absorb the isotope. However, a group of physicians recently witnessed an exception to this principle.
Japanese scientists analyze use of surgeries for papillary thyroid cancer
A group of scientists from Kuma Hospital, Japan, recently published a report analyzing the frequency and necessity of two common treatments for papillary thyroid cancer - the thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection.
Angels pitching coach is back after thyroid cancer surgery
Mike Butcher, the current pitching coach for the Los Angeles Angels, has recently recovered from papillary thyroid cancer, following surgery to remove a nodule on his thyroid gland, ESPN reports.
How Do Clinical Trials Work?
Clinical Trial Regulation and Phases
Are You a Candidate for a Clinical Trial?
Find out if you should participate in a clinical trial investigating endocrine disorders and treatments. Includes list of good questions to ask your endocrinologist about participating in a clinical trial.
Mutated gene may induce development of thyroid cancer
Scientists at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a gene called PTEN that may induce the development of thyroid cancer when mutated.
Addison’s Disease Diagnosis
Exams and Tests to Figure Out If You Have Addison’s Disease
To diagnose Addison’s disease, your doctor will run exams and tests that may include blood tests and CT scans of the brain and abdomen.
An Overview of the Testes
Testes secrete the male hormone testosterone
The testes are twin endocrine glands that release testosterone, a hormone necessary for the normal development of male physical characteristics, such as muscle mass and hair growth. This article overviews testes function in the endocrine system.
An Overview of the Thymus
The Gland that Protects You Long after It’s Gone
The thymus gland is largest during childhood and shrinks after puberty, but its effect on your body’s defenses last your whole life. Learn more about this important gland.
An Overview of the Pineal Gland
Maintaining Circadian Rhythym
The pineal gland is the most mysterious organ in the endocrine system. It is influenced by light and produces the hormone melatonin, which affects your circadian rhythm and sleep cycles.
An Overview of the Pituitary Gland
The Endocrine System’s Master Gland
The pituitary gland is called the “master gland” because it controls functions of other endocrine glands. But it is largely regulated by the hypothalamus. It has two lobes that have different functions and secrete separate hormones.
An Overview of the Pancreas
Understanding Insulin and Diabetes
The pancreas produces insulin and other hormones to help regulate blood sugar and salt. Learn more about the pancreas in this overview article.
An Overview of the Parathyroid
The Calcium-regulating Gland that Helps Keep Bones Healthy
The parathyroid gland has a single responsibility in the endocrine system—to regulate calcium levels. To do this, it secretes parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid is located near your thyroid; however, their functions are not connected.
An Overview of the Ovaries
Estrogen, Progesterone, and Reproduction
The ovaries play a vital role in not only the reproductive system but also the endocrine system. Their main hormones—estrogen and progesterone—ensure proper female development and fertility. This article also summarizes ovarian diseases.

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