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Endocrinology Overview

Mutated gene may induce development of thyroid cancer
Scientists at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a gene called PTEN that may induce the development of thyroid cancer when mutated.
Addison’s Disease Diagnosis
Exams and Tests to Figure Out If You Have Addison’s Disease
To diagnose Addison’s disease, your doctor will run exams and tests that may include blood tests and CT scans of the brain and abdomen.
An Overview of the Testes
Testes secrete the male hormone testosterone
The testes are twin endocrine glands that release testosterone, a hormone necessary for the normal development of male physical characteristics, such as muscle mass and hair growth. This article overviews testes function in the endocrine system.
An Overview of the Thymus
The Gland that Protects You Long after It’s Gone
The thymus gland is largest during childhood and shrinks after puberty, but its effect on your body’s defenses last your whole life. Learn more about this important gland.
An Overview of the Pineal Gland
Maintaining Circadian Rhythym
The pineal gland is the most mysterious organ in the endocrine system. It is influenced by light and produces the hormone melatonin, which affects your circadian rhythm and sleep cycles.
An Overview of the Pituitary Gland
The Endocrine System’s Master Gland
The pituitary gland is called the “master gland” because it controls functions of other endocrine glands. But it is largely regulated by the hypothalamus. It has two lobes that have different functions and secrete separate hormones.
An Overview of the Pancreas
Understanding Insulin and Diabetes
The pancreas produces insulin and other hormones to help regulate blood sugar and salt. Learn more about the pancreas in this overview article.
An Overview of the Parathyroid
The Calcium-regulating Gland that Helps Keep Bones Healthy
The parathyroid gland has a single responsibility in the endocrine system—to regulate calcium levels. To do this, it secretes parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid is located near your thyroid; however, their functions are not connected.
An Overview of the Ovaries
Estrogen, Progesterone, and Reproduction
The ovaries play a vital role in not only the reproductive system but also the endocrine system. Their main hormones—estrogen and progesterone—ensure proper female development and fertility. This article also summarizes ovarian diseases.
An Overview of the Hypothalamus
The Endocrine System’s Link to the Nervous System
The hypothalamus helps maintain your internal balance by regulating many of the body’s key processes, such as heart rate and body temperature. It also controls some hormones of the pituitary gland to ensure that the body functions properly.
An Overview of the Adrenal Glands
Beyond Fight or Flight
The adrenal glands secrete adrenaline to help your body respond to stress, but they also regulate many vital processes in your body, such as metabolism.
About the Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands and Hormones
The endocrine system helps your body properly function by communicating and coordinating vital processes via hormones. Hormones are produced and released by specific glands and are delivered through the bloodstream. Article is an endocrine overview.
Endocrinology Definitions
Listing of all thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pancreas terms. Includes links to pages describing disease, diagnosis, and treatment for endocrine glands.
Endocrine Tumors of the Pancreas
A Guide to Insulin, Glucagon, Somatostatin, and Gastrin
Insulin, glucagon, gastrin, and all other endocrine tumors of the pancreas. Written for patients, lots of pictures explain hormones, conditions, diabetes, cancer, tumors, surgery, and drug treatments. Find a hormone and/or cancer doctor and support group
Osteoporosis and Parathyroid Disease
How Calcium Effects Osteoporosis and Parathyroid Disease
Osteoporosis and treatments of osteoporosis and causes of osteoporosis; calcium, parathyroid, Fosamax, Actonel, Evista. The effects of parathyroid disease on osteoporosis is covered including mini surgery to fix it.

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