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Endocrinology Overview

Medication for hypothyroidism may boost fracture risk
Elderly patients taking levothyroxine for hypothyroidism may be at an increased risk for bone fractures, according to a new report released by the University of Toronto.
Case report describes misdiagnosis of papillary thyroid cancer
The importance of correctly pinpointing papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) was recently highlighted in a case report describing the misdiagnosis of the disease as carcinoma of the lungs.
Medicines may one day target papillary thyroid cancer based on its genetic source
Given that thyroid cancer is a disease that originates in mutations of DNA, an Italian researcher recently reviewed the state of genomic medicine, a healthcare field that has the potential to treat malignancies at the genetic level.
In mildest cases of thyroid cancer, radioactive iodine therapy may be unnecessary
While radioactive iodine is routinely prescribed to treat many forms of thyroid cancer, a group of New York researchers stated that this therapy may be unnecessary or even dangerous among patients with the mildest forms of the disease.
Genetic analysis spots hereditary cases of medullary thyroid cancer
A significant percentage of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases are hereditary, caused by a genetic mutation that researchers recently sought while examining the DNA of Middle Eastern adults with apparently sporadic cases of the disease.
Study establishes epidemiology of thyroid cancer by type, demographic group
Researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and several U.S. universities recently analyzed state-based thyroid cancer data in order to determine the incidence of each variety of the disease among American demographic groups.
Medullary thyroid cancer may literally be 'a pain in the neck'
It can be difficult to detect the presence of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), but new research suggests that individuals with neck pain are more likely than those without it to have an advanced case of the disease.
Exposure to flame retardant material may increase risk of thyroid disease
Research conducted at the University of South Carolina's School of Medicine suggests that exposure to low doses of a specific class of flame-retardant chemicals may alter the expression of thyroid hormones in the body, potentially leading to thyroid disease.
Minimally invasive surgery for thyroid disease may be fit for children
Research conducted at Georgia Health Sciences University indicates that minimally invasive surgery for thyroid disease, a procedure once only used among adults, appears to have few complications for children and teens.
What is diffuse sclerosing papillary thyroid cancer? Rare and dangerous, experts say
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the thyroid gland's most common and treatable carcinoma, but new research has outlined a rare but much more serious variant of this disease.
Lithium in Chilean drinking water may be causing hypothyroidism
High levels of lithium found in the drinking water of four hamlets in the Andes Mountains may be putting villagers at risk for hypothyroidism, according to a recently released report.
Genetic intestinal condition increases risk of thyroid disease, cancer
Recent research seems to confirm the growing consensus that an inherited intestinal polyp condition may increase the risk of thyroid disease.
Expert discusses dental x-rays and thyroid cancer risk
Recently, a medical expert at CNN Health reviewed the risk of thyroid cancer associated with repeated exposure to dental x-rays.
'Decision aid' may inform people with early-stage thyroid cancer of their options
Researchers at the University of Toronto recently made a computer-based educational program to better inform people with papillary thyroid cancer of their treatment options.
Statement addresses radiation, radioactive iodine, risk of thyroid cancer
In the wake of the radiation leaks at Fukushima I Nuclear Plant in Japan, U.S. health officials recently released a statement regarding the disaster's risk to thyroid health.
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