Kresimira (Mira)  Milas MD's portrait

Kresimira (Mira) Milas MD

Professor of Surgery
Chief of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery
Director of the Endocrine Surgery Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Institute
Banner-University Medical Center
Phoenix, AZ

About Kresimira (Mira) Milas MD

Kresimira (Mira) Milas, MD is Professor of Surgery, Chief of Endocrine Surgery in the Department of Surgery, and Director of the Endocrine Surgery Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Institute at Banner-University Medical Center.

Dr. Milas received her medical degree from the University of Texas, Houston Medical School. She completed her internship and residency at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. Dr. Milas continued her training by completing fellowship programs in endocrine surgery at Emory University and surgical oncology and researhc at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center..

Dr. Milas' interests include the entire spectrum of thyroid and parathyroid diseases and surgery, thyroid cancer, and adrenal diseases.

She is a member of many prestigious medical organizations including, the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons, American Thyroid Association, and American Surgical Association.


Milas M, Barbosa GF, Mitchell J, Berber E, Siperstein A, Gupta M. Effectiveness of peripheral thyrotropin receptor mRNA in follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer. Ann Surg Oncol 2009 Feb;16(2):473-480.

Mitchell J, Barbosa G, Tsinberg M, Milas M, Siperstein A, Berber E. Unrecognized adrenal insufficiency in patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Surg Endosc 2009 Feb;23(2):248-254.

Ritter HE, Milas M. Bilateral parathyroid exploration for hyperparathyroidism. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2009. Mar;20(1):44-53.

Skugor M, Milas M. Hypercalcemia.In: Carey WD, ed. Current clinical medicine 2009. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier; 2009. p. 381-386.

Ballem N, Greene AB, Parikh RT, Berber E, Siperstein A, Milas M. Appreciation of osteoporosis among men with hyperparathyroidism. Endocr Pract 2008 Oct;14(7):820-831.

Barbosa GF, Milas M. Peripheral thyrotropin receptor mRNA as a novel marker for differentiated thyroid cancer diagnosis and surveillance. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2008 Sep;8(9):1415-1424.

Berber E, Parikh RT, Ballem N, Garner CN, Milas M, Siperstein AE. Factors contributing to negative parathyroid localization: an analysis of 1000 patients. Surgery 2008 Jul;144(1):74-79.

Lo HW, Stephenson L, Cao X, Milas M, Pollock R, Ali-Osman F. Identification and functional characterization of the human glutathione S-transferase P1 gene as a novel transcriptional target of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. Mol Cancer Res 2008 May;6(5):843-850.

Mazzaglia PJ, Berber E, Kovach A, Milas M, Esselstyn C, Siperstein AE. The changing presentation of hyperparathyroidism over 3 decades. Arch Surg 2008 Mar;143(3):260-266.

Mitchell J, Milas M, Barbosa G, Sutton J, Berber E, Siperstein A. Avoidable reoperations for thyroid and parathyroid surgery: Effect of hospital volume. Surgery 2008 Dec;144(6):899-907.

Sharma J, Milas M, Berber E, Mazzaglia P, Siperstein A, Weber CJ. Value of intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring. Ann Surg Oncol 2008 Feb;15(2):493-498.

Siperstein A, Berber E, Barbosa GF, Tsinberg M, Greene AB, Mitchell J, Milas M. Predicting the success of limited exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism using ultrasound, sestamibi, and intraoperative parathyroid hormone: analysis of 1158 cases. Ann Surg 2008 Sep;248(3):420-428.

Chia SY, Milas M, Reddy SK, Siperstein A, Skugor M, Brainard J, Gupta MK. Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor messenger ribonucleic acid measurement in blood as a marker for circulating thyroid cancer cells and its role in the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007 Feb;92(2):468-475.

Garner CN, Ganetzky R, Brainard J, Hammel JP, Berber E, Siperstein AE, Milas M. Increased prevalence of breast cancer among patients with thyroid and parathyroid disease. Surgery 2007 Dec;142(6):806-813.

Heald B, Moran R, Milas M, Burke C, Eng C. Familial adenomatous polyposis in a patient with unexplained mental retardation. Nat Clin Pract Neurol 2007 Dec;3(12):694-700.

Mazzaglia PJ, Berber E, Milas M, Siperstein AE. Laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation of neuroendocrine liver metastases: a 10-year experience evaluating predictors of survival. Surgery 2007 Jul;142(1):10-19.

Milas M, Mazzaglia P, Chia SY, Skugor M, Berber E, Reddy S, Gupta M, Siperstein A. The utility of peripheral thyrotropin mRNA in the diagnosis of follicular neoplasms and surveillance of thyroid cancers. Surgery 2007 Feb;141(2):137-146.

Milas M, Siperstein A. Introduction. Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism 2007 Jun;5(2):73-74.

Sharma J, Mazzaglia P, Milas M, Berber E, Schuster DM, Halkar R, Siperstein A, Weber CJ. Radionuclide imaging for hyperparathyroidism (HPT): which is the best technetium-99m sestamibi modality? Surgery 2006 Dec;140(6):856-863.

Milas M, Mensah A, Alghoul M, Berber E, Stephen A, Siperstein A, Weber CJ. The impact of office neck ultrasonography on reducing unnecessary thyroid surgery in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy. Thyroid 2005 Sep;15(9):1055-1059.

Milas M, Stephen A, Berber E, Wagner K, Miskulin J, Siperstein A. Ultrasonography for the endocrine surgeon: A valuable clinical tool that enhances diagnostic and therapeutic outcomes. Surgery 2005 Dec;138(6):1193-1201.

Stephen AE, Milas M, Garner CN, Wagner KE, Siperstein AE. Use of surgeon-performed office ultrasound and parathyroid fine needle aspiration for complex parathyroid localization. Surgery 2005 Dec;138(6):1143-1150.

Wagner K, Arciaga R, Siperstein A, Milas M, Warshawsky I, Reddy SSK, Gupta MK. Thyrotropin receptor/thyroglobulin messenger ribonucleic acid in peripheral blood and fine-needle aspiration cytology: diagnostic synergy for detecting thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005 Apr;90(4):1921-1924.

Wojtowicz J, Milas M. Primary hyperparathyroidism in women: Medical and surgical treatments. Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism 2005 Summer;3(2):143-147.

Milas M, Weber CJ. Near-total parathyroidectomy is beneficial for patients with secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery 2004 Dec;136(6):1252-1260.

Siperstein A, Berber E, Mackey R, Alghoul M, Wagner K, Milas M. Prospective evaluation of sestamibi scan, ultrasonography, and rapid PTH to predict the success of limited exploration for sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery 2004 Oct;136(4):872-880.

Skugor M, Milas M. Hypocalcemia.In: Carey WD, ed. The Cleveland Clinic disease management project [electronic resource].Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education; 2004.

Skugor M, Milas M. Hypercalcemia.In: Carey WD, ed.  The Cleveland Clinic disease management project [electronic resource].Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education; 2004.

Stephen AE, Chen KT, Milas M, Siperstein AE. The coming of age of radiation-induced hyperparathyroidism: evolving patterns of thyroid and parathyroid disease after head and neck irradiation. Surgery 2004 Dec;136(6):1143-1153.

Cassarino DS, Milas M, Folpe AL. Bilateral intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial cysts. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2003 Feb;127(2):251-252.

Lin PH, Bush RL, Milas M, Terramani TT, Dodson TF, Chen C, Chaikof EL, Lumsden AB. Impact of an endovascular program on the operative experience of abdominal aortic aneurysm in vascular fellowship and general surgery residency. Am J Surg 2003 Aug;186(2):189-193.

Milas KM. Carcinoma of the head and neck.In: Feig BW, Berger DH, Fuhrman GM, eds. The M.D. Anderson surgical oncology handbook. 3rd ed.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003. Chapter 6. p. 109-123.

Milas L, Mason K, Liao Z, Raju U, Milas M, Husain A, Ang KK. Role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and its inhibition in tumor biology and radiotherapy.In: Nieder C, Milas L, Ang KK, eds. Modification of radiation response: cytokines, growth factors, and other biological targets.Berlin ; New York: Springer; 2003. Chapter 18. p. 241-258.

Milas M, Bush RL, Lin P, Brown K, Mackay G, Lumsden A, Weber C, Dodson TF. Calciphylaxis and nonhealing wounds: the role of the vascular surgeon in a multidisciplinary treatment. J Vasc Surg 2003 Mar;37(3):501-507.

Milas M, Wagner K, Easley KA, Siperstein A, Weber CJ. Double adenomas revisited: Nonuniform distribution favors enlarged superior parathyroids (fourth pouch disease). Surgery 2003 Dec;134(6):995-1003.

Meric F, Hess KR, Varma DG, Hunt KK, Pisters PW, Milas KM, Patel SR, Benjamin RS, Plager C, Papadopoulos NE, Burgess MA, Pollock RE, Feig BW. Radiographic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a predictor of local control and survival in soft tissue sarcomas. Cancer 2002 Sep 1;95(5):1120-1126.

Articles Written by Kresimira (Mira) Milas MD

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Overview
Overview of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease that attacks your thyroid gland so too little thyroid hormone is produced, and may lead to the formation of goiters or nodules, weight gain, and low energy.
Radioactive Iodine for Hyperthyroidism
Radioactive iodine is one of three common treatments for hyperthyroidism. It works by taking pills that help to stop overproduction of thyroxin by destroying the thyroid gland.
Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
It’s possible to have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) for years without experiencing a single symptom. But there are hallmark signs and symptoms of this common disorder, and you can learn about them in this article.
Hyperthyroidism Complications
Uncontrolled hyperthyroidism can lead to serious complications, especially for your heart. If you don’t treat hyperthyroidism, you run the risk of developing heart arrhythmia and other cardiovascular problems. You may also develop osteoporosis.
Antithyroid Medications for Hyperthyroidism
Learn more about antithyroid medications, a common treatment for hyperthyroidism, in this article. They prevent the thyroid from producing excess amounts of hormone.
Surgery for Hyperthyroidism
Surgery is a hyperthyroidism treatment option, but it’s not as commonly used as antithyroid medications or radioactive iodine. Thyroid surgery is known as a thyroidectomy. A thyroidectomy involves the partial or total removal of the thyroid gland.
Treatments for Hyperthyroidism
There are a number of hyperthyroidism treatments available. This article offers brief explanations on the most common treatments: anti-thyroid medications, radioactive iodine, and surgery. Beta blockers, lesser-used medications, are also described.
Hyperthyroidism Symptoms
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include weight changes, heart palpitations, and nervousness. Learn what other symptoms are caused by excessive amounts of thyroid hormones in your body.
Causes of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Read this article to learn about what causes Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which is inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Preventing Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. But this common thyroid disorder is responsive to treatment, so you should focus on recognizing the symptoms and seeking an early diagnosis to prevent the disorder’s progression.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Complications
This article describes complications of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, a disease characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy for Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
There is one treatment for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Though it’s the only treatment available, it’s highly effective at treating the symptoms of this thyroid disorder, including hypothyroidism and goiter.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Facts and Tips
Read this article to learn quick facts and tips about Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, a common condition characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland. Learn about causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatments here.
Risk Factors of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder, so the main risk factor for developing this disease is having a pre-existing autoimmune disorder. Learn what you should do if you are at risk for developing Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Diagnosis
Read this article to learn what tests and exams your doctor may use to diagnose Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. These tests, along with a physical examination, will help your doctor detect the presence of this common thyroid disorder.

Articles Reviewed by Kresimira (Mira) Milas MD

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis FAQ
This quick reference covers all the most common questions about Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland. Get easy-to-understand information about symptoms, causes, and treatments in this article.

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