Blood Glucose Control

How to Have Tight Blood Glucose Control

Written by Daphne E. Smith-Marsh PharmD, CDE


Controlling blood glucose (blood sugar) is a major component of living a healthy life with diabetes. Knowing your numbers and taking control is possible. According to statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 24 million people have diabetes—and many of them may not know it. Your advantage? You’ve been diagnosed and are proactive about controlling your diabetes.
When learning about blood glucose control, sometimes it's encouraging to read a personal account of how another person with diabetes is managing their disease. Jay Cutler, quarterback for the Chicago Bears, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2008. Though he's had to pick up new habits and leave some old ones behind, he's learning how to control his diabetes. To learn more, read EndocrineWeb's interview with Jay Cutler.

You and your doctor work together to keep these numbers as close as possible to goal. 


Before meals:                      70-130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter)
1-2 hours after meal start: Less than 140 mg/dL
LDL (bad kind):         Below 100
HDL (good kind)       Above 40 in men, above 50 in women
During regular appointments, your doctor will run necessary blood tests to track your hemoglobin A1c, blood glucose, and cholesterol. He or she will also monitor your blood pressure.
In between visits, there are things you can do to keep your diabetes and health in check: eat healthy, get regular exercise, watch your weight, and monitor your blood glucose level on a daily basis.
            Note: Your doctor may prescribe other medications—if needed—to manage your blood pressure and/or cholesterol.





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