However, some pituitary tumors may be hereditary. A small number of pituitary tumors are caused by a rare genetic disorder called multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). This endocrine disorder can lead to over-activity or enlargement of 3 different endocrine-related glands, including the pituitary gland.
If you have a pituitary tumor, your doctor may do a simple blood test to rule out MEN 1. But as far as non-hereditary pituitary tumors, the cause remains unknown. Scientists are unsure what causes the uncontrolled growth of certain cells that leads to a pituitary tumor.
What we do know is that pituitary tumors cause certain hormones to be produced excessively, such as growth hormone or thyroid-stimulating hormone.
Whether the cause of your pituitary tumor is unknown or MEN 1, there are several treatment options for pituitary tumors.