Women with PCOS may also have thyroid disruption

The thyroid gland plays a vital role in the overall metabolism of the body. When thyroid function is impaired, liver function can be affected.

There is a three-fold increase in prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in women with polycystic ovary disease (PCOS), which is a metabolic disorder. Inadequate T3 levels can cause menstrual disturbance and impairment of fertility.

In a recent study, scientists aimed to normalize thyroid hormones in 50 women with this condition as well as control menstrual problems. All patients were placed in the same management protocol and thyroxine treatment was started after assessment. Some participants had conceived on their own, while others received ovulation induction treatment.

All patients with menstrual problems responded well to treatment and had normal cycles. The authors concluded that in PCOS management, thyroxine is an ideal treatment. In the study, participants had a 69 percent conception rate and nearly 100 percent relief of menstrual problems without invasive procedures.

According to the National Women's Health Information Center, between five and 10 percent of women of childbearing age have PCOS.