South Asian and African-Caribbean children may be more likely to develop type 2 diabetes

A recent study published in the Public Library of Science Medicine reports that South Asian and African-Caribbean children may be predisposed to developing type 2 diabetes.

Previous findings have revealed that South Asian adults in the UK have almost three times the risk of developing the disease compared to the white European population. Meanwhile, those of African-Caribbean descent have about a two fold risk. Children and adolescents from these two ethnic backgrounds have been found to possess high levels of diabetes precursors, particularly markers of blood glucose and insulin.

A research team from St. George’s University examined 5,000 children in London, Leicester and Birmingham between the ages of 9 and 10. They observed a correlation between the ethnicity of the children and levels of diabetic precursors, and suggest that South Asian and African-Caribbean youths may be predisposed to the condition.

The scientists believe that these findings are especially important in light of the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes all over the world. In their paper, they suggest that preventative measures at a young age are necessary, such as encouraging physical activity and promoting a nutritious diet in children.