Advanced treatment has reduced death rate from type 1 diabetes

A study conducted at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health reports that advanced treatment and care have reduced the overall death rates of patients with type 1 diabetes.

The researchers examined data from the Allegheny County Type 1 Diabetes Registry, one of the largest population-based studies of the condition. A total of 1,100 diabetics diagnosed between 1965 and 1979 were included in the study.

As of two years ago, 26 percent of the participants had died, a rate that was seven times higher than people in the general population. Subjects who had been diagnosed most recently - between the years of 1975 and 1979 - were only 5.5 times more likely to have died from type 1 diabetes.

"The more recent a person was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, the less likely they were to die, suggesting the positive impact of advances made during the last few decades," said lead investigator Aaron Secrest. "Even so, significant disparities in mortality remain and reveal a need for continuing improvements in diabetes treatment and care."

The study was presented at the 70th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association.