People with type 2 diabetes may have a higher risk of developing liver disease
Researchers from St. Michael's Hospital, the University of Toronto and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences in Canada report that adults newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are at risk for developing serious liver disease.
The team evaluated 438,069 diabetic adults between the ages of 30 and 75 over a period of 13 years, and compared this group to 2,059,709 healthy people.
They found that 8 out of 10,000 diabetics had a liver disease - including cirrhosis and organ failure - compared to 4 out of 10,000 healthy individuals.
Patients with both type 2 diabetes and obesity or hypertension were found to have the highest risk of liver disease.
"We posit that the presence of overt diabetes reflects more severe insulin resistance, a greater fatty load in the liver and potentially worse hepatic inflammation and injury," wrote Joel Ray and Gillian Booth, two St. Michael's Hospital researchers. They added that diabetes may not just result in higher blood glucose, but also long-term resistance to insulin.
This research was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.