Study: Immigrants have high risk of type 2 diabetes
According to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal
, immigrants who are female and of South Asian or African descent are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than long-term residents of Ontario.
Researchers examined the prevalence of diabetes in more than 1.1 million immigrants in the region, comparing their risk to that of the 7.5 million long-term residents. They studied the effects of gender, age, country of origin, time since arrival and socioeconomic characteristics on the disease.
Immigrants from regions of South Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa and the Middle East all exhibited significantly higher rates of diabetes. Although rates were equal among male and female residents, the study found that immigrant women had a higher percentage than men.
Recent immigrants, particularly women and [those] of South Asian and African origin, are at high risk for diabetes compared with long-term residents, wrote lead author Marisa Creatore, an epidemiologist at St. Michaels Hospital in Toronto. This risk becomes evident at an early age, suggesting that effective programs for the prevention of diabetes should be developed and targeted to all immigrants in all age groups.