Mealtime insulin dosing calculation should focus on meal composition—including fat, protein, and glycemic index—rather than carbohydrate counting alone, according to a systematic review published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.
Management of type 1 diabetes is particularly challenging during adolescence, a time when teens are dealing with physical changes occurring with puberty, social pressures, and stress, among other issues. In addition, researchers from Columbia University have found that mental health issues including depression, anxiety, and disordered eating are common in teenagers and young adults with type 1 diabetes, and are linked to poorly controlled diabetes.
A clinical trial is examining whether an artificial pancreas improves nighttime blood glucose levels in patients with type 1 diabetes. The study is being conducted by the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, and is funded by a grant from JDRF.
The findings of this important paper emphasize one specific word: early. It is important to treat these patients with type 1 aggressively and early, when they are either adolescent or young adults, or as soon as they are diagnosed if they are diagnosed in their 20s.
Researchers have developed a multistep protocol that converts human embryonic stem cells into insulin-producing cells that can reverse diabetes in approximately 40 days in an animal model—much faster than the 4 months required for cells produced with previous methods. The goal is to be able transplant these insulin-producing cells for the treatment of type 1 diabetes, researchers reported in a study published in the November issue of Nature Biotechnology.
High albumin levels, but within the normal range, can be used to identify young people with type 1 diabetes at risk of heart and kidney disease, according to a study published online ahead of print in Diabetes Care.
The extent to which patients are compliant with their type 1 diabetes treatment may have an effect on their mortality risk, according to the results of a recent study in the Journal of Diabetes and its Complications.
Researchers in Australia explored the frequency of decreasing insulin requirements in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, as well as the effects on newborns. Read the latest updates on this topic here.
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