New Study Finds Risk Factors for Osteoporosis in Greek Men
Osteoporosis is more common in women, but it is still a significant health care issue in men. Unfortunately, data are lacking when it comes to risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures in the adult Greek male population.
Greek researchers aimed to determine the risk factors that are directly associated with BMD in adult Greek men.
Results of their study were published in the paper “Risk factors for osteoporosis in Greek male population,” which was presented at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research.
The study was a cross-sectional study that included 1,084 men who were from 92 sites all over Greece. The men who participated in the study were between 50 and 93 years old.
A variety of information was collected for this study—demographic, medical, family history, and lifestyle information—using both interviews and physical examinations. Anthropometric data was also collected using examination.
In addition, BMD of the spine and hip was measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and researchers performed univariate, multivariate, and logistic regression analyses.
The research team found that the prevalence of osteoporosis was 48.1% in the study participants. They also found that the prevalence of osteopenia was 27.9%.
Researchers determined that a variety of nutritional factors, lifestyle characteristics, and medical conditions were linked to BMD. Multiple regression analysis found that age, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and a family history of osteoporosis were independently associated with the participants’ osteoporosis status. However, BMI and having an exercise routine until the study participants were 30 years old were associated with a high BMD.
The researchers concluded that aging, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and a family history of osteoporosis are the key risks factors that are associated with osteoporosis in the adult Greek male population.