Survivability of heart attack low in women with type 2 diabetes

Following a heart attack, women who have type 2 diabetes have a much lower survival rate than those without the condition, according to a new study from German researchers.

Their findings, which were published in the American Journal of Cardiology, indicate that women with type 2 diabetes are 2.5 times less likely to survive 28 days following a heart attack.

Diabetes is known to affect heart risk. Chronic exposure to high levels of blood sugar is thought to cause damage to veins and arteries. The researchers from the Central Hospital of Ausberg in Germany said that this may explain the association between diabetes and poor heart attack survivability.



For the study, researchers analyzed the medical records of nearly 3,000 individuals who experienced a heart attack between 1998 and 2003. While the long-term risk for men with diabetes was only slightly elevated, women were at a much greater risk.



"Short-term mortality was not significantly increased in men and women with diabetes after a first-ever [heart attack], although estimates were relatively high, indicating a possible relation," the researchers wrote in their report. "However, long-term mortality was higher in patients with [heart attack] and diabetes, particularly in women."
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