Fractures Are the Primary Complication
Fractures are serious osteoporosis complications—especially if you have one at an older age. If you have a fracture when you're older, your body is less able to recover. At any age, fractures can be extremely painful—and the pain may not go away.
Oftentimes, the symptoms of osteoporosis won't clearly alert you to its presence. For many people with osteoporosis, a fracture is the first indication that something is wrong.
Osteoporosis-related fractures often occur in the wrist, spine, and hip, but no bone is safe from breaking.
Spinal compression fractures are particularly significant because they can impact your posture and even cause a loss in height. They can also be extremely painful if they compress a nerve.
Osteoporosis can weaken your spinal vertebrae (bones) to the point that it causes kyphosis or Dowager's hump, which is an abnormal curving of the spine that may give you a hunched over appearance. This abnormal curve can be caused by vertebrae that have weakened and have collapsed upon one another. The curvature can sometimes lead to breathing problems due to inability of the ribs to expand fully when inhaling.
Height loss is a common effect of osteoporosis. This results from multiple compression fractures in the spine.